In an article in The Guardian Robert Macfarlane looks at the different words he has 'collected' for things in nature. For instance, there are several regional names for what I would call an icicle, including aquabob, clinkerbell, daggler and tankle. Beautiful regions, eg the Hebrides, have words for phenomena that many of us won't have seen, or noticed, including some Gaelic terms from a document entitled Some Lewis Moorland Terms: a Peat Glossary. One example is fèith, which is is “a fine vein-like watercourse running through peat, often dry in the summer”.
Do have a look at the article - here.