It's Shakespeare's 450th birthday today, and the Independent has published a list of phrases in everyday use that Shakespeare either coined or popularised. Here's the article.
Most of the insults Shakespeare used in his plays have fallen out of common use, which is a great shame, as they are far more robust than today's mealy-mouthed equivalents. Michael Rosen used a number (including 'Pied ninny!', 'Scurvy patch!' and 'Thou clay-brained guts, thou knotty-pated fool, thou whoreson obscene greasy tallow-catch') in a poem he wrote specially for the occasion of Shakespeare's birthday. See the poem here.