History was made this week when a 100-year-old man in North Wales received a birthday telegram from the Queen in Welsh. Centenarians traditionally receive birthday greetings from the Queen - but hitherto they have always been in English. Emrys Evans' first language is Welsh, and he feels far more comfortable communicating in Welsh than in English. Read the story here.
In the 19th century and early part of the 20th century there were still people in Wales who spoke only Welsh. Statistics say that there are no longer any monolingual Welsh speakers, although anecdotal evidence would suggest that there are still many older people whose English is much worse than their Welsh.
2011 figures published on the website of the Welsh Language Commissioner (here) state that 19% of the population of Wales speaks Welsh. This figure is slightly down on the percentage in 2001. As a result of the geographical distribution of Welsh speakers shifting over the last ten years, it is now less likely that two Welsh speakers will meet at random - that information is from the same website, see this page. There are various measures in place to promote the Welsh language and the Welsh government does expect the number of Welsh speakers to rise over the next 15 years.